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John Quincy Adams (17671848)


John Quincy Adams was secretary of state (18171825) and President of the United States (18251829) during Bushrod Washington's last twelve years as an associate justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.


John Quincy Adams, the eldest son of John Adams and Abigail Smith Adams, was born on 11 July 1767 in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts. He received much of his early education abroad, having accompanied his father to his diplomatic posts in Europe. Following graduation from Harvard in 1787, he practiced law in Boston. In 1794 he served as minister to the Netherlands, and in 1797 married Louisa Catherine Johnson, the daughter of the first U.S. Consul to Great Britain; they would have three sons reach maturity.


Fred Kaplan, John Quincy Adams: American Visionary (New York: Harper, 2014).

"John Quincy Adams." Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1936. Gale In Context: U.S. History, Accessed 21 Aug. 2023.

Sandra F. VanBurkleo, “Adams, John Quincy,” in Kermit L. Hall, ed., The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (Oxford University Press, 2005).

John Quincy Adams at Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

President John Quincy Adams at FamilySearch.