Skip to main content

John Marshall (17551835)


Bushrod Washington and John Marshall served together on the U.S. Supreme Court for nearly twenty-nine years. Both were members of Phi Beta Kappa at William and Mary.


John Marshall was born on 24 September 1755 near Germantown (now Midland), Fauquier County, Virginia. He served in the Revolutionary War as a Continental Army officer before studying law under George Wythe at the College of William and Mary. Marshall wed Mary Willis "Polly" Ambler (c. 17661831) in 1783. Their marriage lasted nearly fifty years and produced ten children, six of whom lived to maturity.


"John Marshall." Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1936. Gale In Context: U.S. History, Accessed 25 Oct. 2023.

R. Kent Newmyer, "Marshall, John," in Kermit L. Hall, ed., The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (Oxford University Press, 2005).

"Original Records of the Phi Beta Kappa Society," The William and Mary Quarterly, Volume 4, Number 4 (April 1896), 213–41. 

John Marshall at Federal Judicial Center.

John Marshall at Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

Mary Willis "Polly" Ambler Marshall at Find a Grave.