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Nicholas Biddle (17861844)


In early 1822 Biddle attempted to track down some George Washington letters for Bushrod Washington. 


Nicholas Biddle was born to a prominent Philadelphia family on 8 January 1786. A precocious child, he entered the University of Pennsylvania at the age of ten and graduated from the College of New Jersey (Princeton University) five years later. Young Biddle worked as a secretary to the American ministers to France and Great Britain, gained admission to the bar, sat in the Pennsylvania legislature, helped prepare the journals of the Lewis and Clark expedition for publication, and edited the Port Folio, a Philadelphia literary magazine.


"Nicholas Biddle." Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1936. Gale In Context: U.S. History, Accessed 29 Oct. 2022.

"Nicholas Biddle to Thomas Jefferson, 12 December 1809," Founders Online, National Archives, [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, vol. 2, 16 November 1809 to 11 August 1810, ed. J. Jefferson Looney. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005, pp. 74–75.]

Phil Davies, "The Rise and Fall of Nicholas Biddle," Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, 1 September 2008.

Stephen Campbell, "Nicholas Biddle," The Economic Historian, 23 May 2021.

Arlen J. Large, "History’s Two Nicholas Biddles," We Proceeded On: The Official Publication of the Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation, Inc., Volume 16, Number 2 (May 1990), 4–13.

Nicholas Biddle at Library of the Senate of Pennsylvania: Senate Historical Biographies.

Nicholas Biddle at Find a Grave.

Nicholas Biddle at FamilySearch.