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The Washington Benevolent Society was founded in 1808 in New York as a charitable organization. It very quickly became a political tool of the Federalist Party, and had largely disbanded around 1820. 


Robinson, William Alexander. “The Washington Benevolent Society in New England: A Phase of Politics During the War of 1812.” In Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 49:274–86. Boston: University Press: John Wilson and Son, Cambridge, 1916.

Smithsonian Institution. “Washington Benevolent Society Medal.” Accessed August 8, 2022.